Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a common condition that causes pain and stiffness in the shoulder as a result of a tightening or thickening of the capsule that protects the structures of the shoulder. Frozen shoulder most often affects patients between the ages of 40 and 60 and is more common in women.


Physical examination will reveal the loss of both active and passive range of motion. X-rays and sometimes an MRI will be used to establish the diagnosis and helps rule out other possible shoulder conditions.


Treatment for frozen shoulder usually focuses on managing pain and other symptoms as the condition progresses. This may include anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids and physical therapy.

Minimally invasive surgical procedures, such as arthroscopy and manipulation, may also be performed with a goal of stretching or freeing up the contracted joint capsule. Most patients have significant improvement from this minimally invasive procedure.